July 1, 1945

Sunday Still at a hospital in England,1 Kenneth Cline received a letter from his mother. The letter, written on June 23, related that his sister had received a wire from the War Department.2 The wire was official notice that her husband, Verne Gray, had been killed on March 14.

Kenneth is waiting for shipment home.

Today, no one living knows what caused his hospitalization in England. Some have speculated he was suffering from venereal disease which is a bacterial infection. A physician friend believes that he had mumps, a viral infection, which resulted in an extreme case of adult orchitis. He asserts that is why, mumps and orchitis, he was confined to the hospital for so long.

Near the end of his hospitalization, Ken was put on a long regimen of penicillin injections. My physician friend says this was result of misdiagnosis. According to my friend, this was done because someone wanted, foolishly, to make certain that he didn’t have any sort of venereal disease. If that had been the case, it would have been determined early on. Penicillin injections would have started right off, and there would have been no need to confine him to the hospital. Epidemic diseases, such as mumps, were a problem during World War II as they had been during all previous wars.

In World War II, as in World War I, large epidemics [of mumps] in young adult males differed considerably from epidemics in children before puberty. In epidemics in children, approximately 75 percent of all cases of clinical mumps (omitting inapparent mumps) belong to the full-blown type without complications. In contrast, epidemics in the United States Army may be divided roughly into three groups of approximately equal size with the following distinguishable characteristics: (1) A short course of the disease with signs and symptoms which are insignificant, (2) full-blown disease with marked swelling of the salivary glands but no complications, and (3) severe disease with the complications of epididymo-orchitis or meningoencephalitis, or both.3

There was no specific treatment for mumps. Those identified with mumps were typically quarantined in hospital or in quarters for a 21-day period. Given the living conditions at Wendlng and the base’s imminent closure coupled with Ken’s high temperature and “swelling in the groin”, his prolonged hospital stay was not unusual.

Notes & Commentary

1 Ken probably remained at a hospital not because he was ill but because it was his last duty assignment. With bases being closed rapidly in England and troops moving to other duty stations, it seems likely that he would not be quartered temporarily elsewhere as he waited to return to the States.

2 Living as we do in a world of near instant communication, it is hard to visualize peoples’ sense of immediacy 70 years ago. How would we cope in a world where news of events affecting our family or friends might take days if not months to reach us?

3 U.S. Army Medical Department, ed. by Ebbe Curtis Hoff. Preventive Medicine in WWII, Volume IV, Communicable Diseases, Transmitted Chiefly Through Respiratory and Alimentary Tracts. Washington, D. C.: GPO, 1958. p. 137. (http://history.amedd.army.mil/booksdocs/wwii/PM4/CH06.Mumps.htm : accessed 28 June 2015)

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